What’s the Difference Between a Turntable and a Record Player?

A John Coltrane LP next to an Audio-Technica turntable.

Getting into vinyl records means buying a turntable or record player. And while these terms are often used interchangeably, they describe two very different products—one that’s designed for enthusiasts, and another that’s intended for casual listeners.

Now, I’ll be the first to say that this is a weird distinction. Most people aren’t nitpicking about the terms “turntable” and “record player,” and frankly, I use these words “incorrectly” all the time. But as a shopper, learning the difference between these product categories will make your life easier.

Turntables Require External Components

The Technics SL-1200 turntable, which is legendary among DJs.

In marketing terms, a turntable is just a “record player” without a built-in amplifier or speakers. If you want to use a turntable, you need to hook it up with external components. This gives you more control over audio quality, but of course, it requires a bit more experience than a plug-and-play solution.

Turntables are the gold standard for audio enthusiasts. They’re intended for large stereo systems and often have high-quality components for a hi-fi listening experience. That means a vibration-isolating design (to prevent skipping), a high-quality default cartridge (the thing that contains the stylus), and a balanced tonearm (to improve audio quality and reduce skipping).

Some turntables have fancy bells and whistles, such as a digital pitch control or a track-select button. But the most common upgrade is a direct drive motor, which requires less maintenance than a belt-drive system and lets you spin a record back and forth like Grandmaster Flash.

Now, in order to use a turntable, you need an amplifier (or audio receiver) and a set of speakers. You may also need a pre-amp if your turntable only offers PHONO output. This is the audio signal that comes directly from your turntable’s cartridge, so it needs to be boosted to LINE level. (Note that some amps and receivers have a PHONO input, which includes a pre-amp stage.)

That said, most modern record players have a built-in pre-amp with a LINE output, which you can plug directly into an amp or a pair of powered speakers. You may even find a turntable with a built-in Bluetooth transmitter, which can simplify the setup process.

External components are a huge turn-off for casual vinyl listeners, who usually want a plug-and-play solution. But to be clear, turntables are often more cost-effective than all-in-one record players. They contain high-quality and long-lasting parts. Plus, external components like amplifiers and speakers are easy to find at any thrift store, garage sale, or family member’s attic.

Note that “turntable” can also refer to the primary mechanical component of a record-playing device. The interconnected platter, tonearm, and cartridge are a “turntable.” We will refer to this component when talking about record players, which is why I’m giving you a heads-up.

The Best Turntables and Vinyl Accessories for Beginners


Audio-Technica LP60X

Audio-Technica AT-LP60X-BK Fully Automatic Belt-Drive Stereo Turntable, Black, Hi-Fi, 2 Speed, Dust Cover, Anti-Resonance, Die-Cast Aluminum Platter


U-Turn Orbit Basic

U-Turn Orbit Basic Turntable Brilliant sound. Simple design. Pure analog experience.


Audio-Technica LP120X

Audio-Technica AT-LP120XUSB-BK Direct-Drive Turntable (Analog & USB), Fully Manual, Hi-Fi, 3 Speed, Convert Vinyl to Digital, Anti-Skate and Variable Pitch Control Black


Fluance RT81

Fluance RT81 Elite High Fidelity Vinyl Turntable Record Player with Audio Technica AT95E Cartridge


Denon DP-300F

Denon DP-300F Fully Automatic Analog Turntable with Built-in Phono Equalizer | Unique Tonearm Design | Hologram Vibration Analysis | Slim Design


Rega Planar 1

REGA Planar 1 Turntable with Premounted Carbon MM Cartridge (Matte White)


Quality Speakers

Edifier R1850DB Active Bookshelf Speakers with Bluetooth and Optical Input – 2.0 Studio Monitor Speaker – Built-in Amplifier with Subwoofer Line Out


Novogratz Concord Stand

Novogratz Concord Turntable Stand, Double, Walnut


Protect Your Vinyl with Sleeves

50 Master Sleeves Rice Paper Anti Static LP Inner Sleeves Mobile Fidelity MFSL Style Vinyl Record Sleeves Provide Your LP Collection with the Proper Protection – Invest In Vinyl


Ed Hertz Slipmat

TURNTABLE LAB Ed Hertz Slipmat – Single


A Turntable Weight for Stable Spins

Hudson Hi-Fi BigBen Record Weight Stabilizer with Protective Leather Pad – 13-Ounce Vinyl Turntable Weight – Durable & Stylish LP Stabilizer – Fits on Any Turntable – Black


Keep Your Records Clean

Vinyl Record Cleaning Kit – Record Mitts, Anti-Static Record Cleaner w/Microfiber Cloth, Label Protector, Velvet & Carbon Fiber Record Cleaning Brush, Gel Stylus Cleaner for Record Needles

But a Record Player Is an All-In-One Unit

A suitcase-style record player.

Record players are self-contained machines that require no external components. They have a built-in amplifier and speaker, and often come with extra bells and whistles like a radio or CD player. Some record players, especially those from Victrola and Crosley, even have a “suitcase” design for extra portability.

Because record players are all-in-one units, they’re often the best choice for casual vinyl fans. You don’t need to worry about buying (and wiring up) an audio receiver or a pair of speakers. Just throw a record on the platter and enjoy the sound.

Of course, record players aren’t perfect. They’re usually intended for casual listeners, so they often use cheap components to hit a low price point. These cheap components won’t hurt your records (despite what enthusiasts might say), but they will usually produce mediocre audio.

The all-in-one design of record players can also present some problems. You don’t want a turntable to vibrate during use, but record players have built-in speakers, which vibrate by design. And because record players contain so many active components, they tend to have more self-noise (hissing or humming) than simple turntables.

But some record players are extremely well made. They contain high-end speakers and use hardware (usually springs and foam) to isolate the turntable assembly from vibrations. The idea that all record players are “cheap” is a misconception.

Now, I don’t think that the average person will care that a record player has “mediocre” sound quality. If you’re shopping for a record player and don’t know what to buy, I suggest buying something affordable but simple to get the best bang for your buck (skip the built-in CD player and other weird stuff). If you ever want to upgrade your sound quality, you can always plug the record player into external speakers.


Victrola Bluetooth Suitcase Record Player


This affordable record player has built-in speakers, a Bluetooth transmitter, and a portable "suitcase" design. It’s a killer option for casual vinyl listeners.

Do Turntables Sound Better Than Record Players?

Milk crates full of LPs.

A proper hi-fi setup with discrete audio components will always sound better than an all-in-one solution. There are exceptions to this rule, of course, but it’s remained mostly true for nearly a century.

If you want the best possible sound quality from your LPs, EPs, 12-inch singles, regular-sized singles, or novelty vinyl postcards, you should buy a turntable. Hook it up with an amplifier and a pair of speakers (they don’t need to be big), and you’ll have a stereo system that’s the envy of your friends.

You don’t even need to buy an ultra-expensive turntable to reap these benefits. Products like the Audio-Technica AT-LP60X-BK cost less than $200 and contain higher quality components than plug-and-play record players.

But sound quality may not be the deciding factor in your purchase, and that’s fine. Record players with built-in speakers are much more beginner-friendly than turntables. Plus, if you buy a record player with audio output jacks, you can always hook it up with external components (though sound quality will still be limited by the record player’s hardware).

Which Should You Buy?

Billie Holiday's "The Verve Sessions" on vinyl.

If you just want to play some LPs but have zero experience with hi-fi components, you should buy an all-in-one record player. It will give you a simple and easy experience, and in time, it could help you become more familiar with audio hardware.

But those who want the best possible audio quality should buy a turntable. If you’ve never used an amplifier or have no idea what “speaker wire” looks like, this will be a bit of an adventure. My suggestion is to purchase a brand new turntable (vintage units usually need some TCL) and look up turntable setup tutorials on YouTube.

I also suggest buying your first amplifier and speakers at thrift stores or garage sales. Doing so will help you get your feet wet at a low price. Once you get a feel for this stuff, you can try upgrading to expensive new components or hunting down vintage gems on eBay.


Audio-Technica AT-LP120XBT Wireless Direct Drive Turntable


The Audio-Technica AT-LP120XBT features a premium design with a direct drive motor, S-shaped tonearm, Bluetooth transmitter, a variable pitch control, and a track-select system.


Victrola Premiere V1 Record Player


Looking for a high-quality all-in-one record player? The gorgeous Victrola Premiere V1 combines high-end components with several audio output jacks, Bluetooth support, and a patent-pending anti-vibration system.

Original Article